debt

Don’t ignore debt – it will only get worse.
Explain your problems to someone you trust.
Be sure to get expert independent advice.
Take control of your money and spending.

Advice and support with debt

Debt problems can happen to anyone for all sorts of reasons. Being in debt is incredibly stressful and damaging to your mental and physical health, but there are organisations that can help you get back in control of your finances.

How and why do people get into debt?

There are many reasons that people can get into debt. You may be on benefits or earn a low income, you might not have enough money to cover what you need to spend, you might have a long-term health condition such as cancer, you might have a gambling habit or you may have lost your job and have large outgoings.

Debt can cause and be caused by mental and physical health problems. It is often tempting to ignore debt because thinking about it can cause you to feel uncomfortable, guilty, depressed and worried. Sorting out money problems can help you to feel better and to stay well.

There are some common things in life that can push you towards debt, or make existing debts worse.

Big life changes
You may lose your job, lose a loved one, break up with your partner, or there may be times when you have to borrow money, or stop paying bills, to cope with a new situation.

Long term ill health
Long term mental or physical illness can push someone into debt. If you lose your job – or have to spend a long time off work – you won’t have as much money and in addition to this, you may have to spend more on paying for prescriptions, travel to and from health services or trying to find a new job.

Not getting paid
Your benefits may be changed, missed or even stopped. You might find that you are not claiming all the benefits that may be available to you.

Low income
If your income is below the average, you are more likely to get into debt. Having to live on a low income for a long time means debts can mount up just to buy essential items. Eventually, the debt can increase to a point where just can’t get by without borrowing money.

Buying new things
Sometimes you just need to buy an essential – like a washing machine – or for others it can mean that you have spending sprees and buy lots of stuff that you don’t need.

Gambling
If you’re preoccupied with gambling, spending more and more time and money on it, chasing losses, or gambling despite serious consequences in your life, you have a gambling problem which can lead to more debt.

Ignoring the bills
If you are mentally unwell you may stop seeing people, find it hard to concentrate and communicate or just find it too much to think about money and bills. People can easily get into debt from just ignoring paperwork and bills.

Alcohol and drug misuse
If you’re spending a lot of money on alcohol or drugs you may find you need to borrow more to pay for essential items which can lead to debt.

Pressure from outside agencies
A bank, a loan company or even a loan shark can encourage you to take out another loan, perhaps to pay off an existing debt, or to get a credit card. Sometimes credit card companies increase limits, making you feel that it’s safe to spend more.



  • That everything is out of control and there is nothing you, or anyone else, can do about it.
  • Hopeless, especially if your debt is getting worse.
  • Ashamed and embarrassed to talk to anyone about your financial situation.
  • Guilty – that the problem is your fault, even though it might have been caused by your mental or physical health problems.
  • You may be feeling, behaving or thinking in ways that are unfamiliar. But that does not necessarily mean you’re suffering from depression or an anxiety disorder.



I am worried about my debts and want to feel less stressed

What steps can I take to feel less worried about my debt?

Feeling low or worried is a normal response when you’ve lost your job, been made redundant, cannot work due to your physical health or you’re struggling with debt. There are things you can do to help you feel less stressed about your situation.

However much you owe, the sooner you begin to tackle it, the sooner you will solve it.

First of all, tell someone you trust about it. This could be a friend, relative, colleague or a mental health worker. They will be able to help you to feel less powerless and more hopeful and can put you in touch with people who can help you out.



Money advisers are experts in tackling debts and can give you both advice and support. You need an adviser who is free of charge, confidential and independent.

Before you look for an adviser decide on what you want:

  • Advice only – some services will not take-action for you, but instead will assess your needs and guide you through the things you need to do.
  • Advice and representation – some services will do the work for you, including negotiation with any creditors.
  • Face-to-face advice – you may prefer to talk to someone in person. However, these services are popular and it can be difficult to get an appointment.
  • Telephone advice – this may suit you if you have mobility problems, caring responsibilities, live in a rural area or find it difficult to leave your home and meet people in person. Some of these advice centres have specific times when they deal with calls, others specialise in telephone advice.
  • Internet advice – some services offer online, interactive and individual advice.

What will a money adviser do?

  • Talk with you to find out what the problems are and help you to sort out which are the most important ones first.
  • Help you to create a budget planner – they can advise you on ways to increase your income and also reduce the amount you spend.
  • Advise you on how to deal with the debt, including bankruptcy, negotiating with creditors and any other arrangements you have made yourself
  • Advise you on other sources of help or options.

They may also be able to:

  • help you to negotiate with creditors;
  • help with form filling (e.g. claiming social security benefit);
  • represent you at court hearings for debt.

Getting support

If you feel uncomfortable about going alone to see a money adviser, ask a friend, relative or someone else who you trust to come with you.

You may only need them to come with you for the first session, but don’t be afraid of asking for them to come again if you feel you need their support.



When you are experiencing debt it can be difficult to know what to pay first as there are so many things you need to pay out each month. Knowing the difference between a priority bill from a non-priority debt will help you.  

Priority bills

Some bills are classed as priorities because the consequences of not paying them are greater than the consequences of not paying others. For example, if you don’t pay your rent or your mortgage then you could lose your home. You must always pay these before your other debts. Priority bills include:

  • Mortgage repayments and loans secured on your home
  • Rent
  • Council Tax
  • Certain payments ordered by the courts
  • Child Support and Maintenance
  • Tax, VAT or National Insurance
  • TV License

Non-priority debts

Failing to pay non-priority debts is usually less serious than not paying a priority debt.

However, your creditors (the people that you owe money to) may take enforcement action against you if you do not pay them. This could result in your debt being passed on to a debt collection agency and a county court judgment (CCJ) being made against you. A CCJ could affect your credit rating. Non-priority debts include:

  • Credit or store card debts
  • Some hire purchase agreements (HP)
  • Unsecured bank and payday loans (these are loans that are not secured against your home)
  • Historic utility debts (Gas, Electricity or Water)



When trying to recover a debt, creditors may be entirely unaware of a mental health problem. They can act in inappropriate, and sometimes very distressing ways.

You will need to decide if you want to tell your creditors about your mental health difficulties. If you do, then your money adviser also needs to be aware of your mental health difficulties.

Next steps:

Repay the debt
If you have any available income, you can make a repayment offer (but only one which you can realistically meet). If you do this, then a creditor should be asked to freeze any interest on the debt.

‘Park’ the debt
If you have very little available income, you can make a nominal/token repayment for non-priority debts (e.g. £1) or request payment suspension.

‘Full and final’ repayments
This is when creditors may accept a lump sum offer which is smaller than the original debt.

Write-off the debt
This is not standard practice, but some creditors will write off the debt when a person has mental health problems.

Debt management plan
You make a single monthly payment to a debt management agency which then pays several creditors for you (note: you may have to pay a fee for this).

IVAs
In England, ‘Individual Voluntary Arrangements’ involve you paying agreed amounts over 3–5 years. The remaining debts are written off. This is an option to consider if you are able to make sizeable payments. For example, this is useful if you have assets to protect such as a house/car and if you have enough surplus income to repay some, but not all of your contractual obligations.

Debt Relief Orders (DROs)
In England, this is a form of insolvency for people with very low incomes and/or very few assets. Only an accredited money adviser can apply for a DRO. This is now the most popular and accessible form of debt solution if you do not have any assets to protect that are worth over £1000 (i.e. car) and have less than £50 a month surplus income.  If you have debts of less than £20,000 then a DRO is always preferable to bankruptcy as it is much cheaper to apply for (£90 for DRO in comparison with bankruptcy that costs £680) They both have the same effect on your credit rating and a DRO lasts for 12 months.

Bankruptcy
This is an option if you owe a large amount of money and don’t have any assets. Bankruptcy lasts for up to a year (with restricted access to financial services). After this, debts are usually written off. However, the bankruptcy is registered with credit agencies for six years and can make it hard to get financial services in the future.

Remember that money advisers are the experts and can help you to work out what are your priority and non-priority debts.



Feeling low or worried is a normal response when you’ve lost your job, been made redundant, or you’re struggling with debt.

Keep active
Keep seeing your family and friends, your CV up to date, and try to keep paying the bills. If you have more time because you’re not at work right now, do some form of exercise – physical activity can improve your mood if you’re feeling low. Remember, there are plenty of free ideas to keep you fit like going for a walk, doing some gardening or turning the music on and having a dance.

Facing your fears
For example, if you’re going into debt, get advice on how to prioritise your debts from a money advice expert. When people feel worried, they sometimes avoid talking to others and can even lose their confidence about things they normally do without a problem, such as driving or travelling. If this starts to happen, facing these situations will generally make them easier.

Do not drink too much alcohol
For some people with money and debt worries, alcohol can become a problem. You may drink more than you would usually do as a way of dealing with your emotions or to just fill up time. But alcohol will not help you deal with your problems and could add to your stresses.

Keep your daily routine
Getting up at your normal time and sticking to your usual routine will help you maintain you health. If you lose your routine, it can affect your eating patterns – you may stop cooking, miss breakfast because you’re still in bed, or eat snacks instead of having proper meals. Learning how to cook healthy meals on a budget can also help you learn new skills.



I am concerned about someone and their debt

Concerned about someone else and their debt?

You may have suspected for a while that someone you care about is going through a rough patch with money. Fewer than 1 in 5 people will seek help with their debt problems, with it often taking them to hit a ‘tipping point’ whereby something happens that makes things worse (such as an unexpected expense or immediate change in circumstances). It’s only at this point where the financial reality finally hits home, and this can have a huge impact on their mental and physical wellbeing.

 In this section we provide information so you know what to look for and what you can do to help someone with their financial problems.

Debt warning signs:

  1. Past Debt. Debt can be very difficult to fully escape from, especially if they experienced it at a young age. A common debt that people struggle with is an overdraft – once you’re in too far, it can be really tough to get back out.
  2. A recent loss of income. This can be as a result of childbirth, physical or mental illness, redundancy, divorce or bereavement.
  3. Behaviour Changes. Your loved one may appear anxious, withdrawn, secretive, low or even depressed. They may seem distracted and not want to socialise, avoid speaking to you or seeing you altogether.  They may appear to be more secretive, avoid opening bills and in particular, avoid talking about their finances. They may even panic if you try to arrange getting together where spending money is involved.
  4. Over spending or Reduced Spending. They’ve changed how much they spend, either by reducing spending (e.g. going on fewer holidays or eating out less) or overspending (spending without an income to cover it or a plan for repayment such as putting non-essential items on a credit or store card). They may even begin to sell personal items to generate money.

The above can be extremely hurtful to experience however it’s important to understand the shame that people can feel when they are experiencing debt. In fact, people often withdraw when they need support from others the most.



Talk.  Talking about debt is a first step in tackling it, support someone you care about by listening to them and researching local support services. Share online forums with them where they can see plenty of people exchanging conversations and asking for support in paying off their debts can help them to not feel alone. They need to know they’re not alone.

Avoid the quick fixes. Resist the urge to lend any huge sums. We don’t doubt that you want to help your friend or loved one, and chances are you’ve probably lent them the odd fiver every now and again, however it is important to know that some people can also get into debt because they sacrificed their own income in order to help someone they care about.  If someone you know is struggling with debt now, chances are they’ll struggle to pay back a loan on time each month as well. If someone asks you to be a guarantor on a loan to help them get out of debt, kindly but firmly tell them no. Explain that you don’t want money or debt to ruin your relationship, but that you are there for them and will do all you can to positively help them with their situation.

Plan a realistic future. Support them through suggesting ways that they can make additional money or ways to save them money to help them with their debt. This would be a perfect time to suggest that they seek some confidential debt advice.



Local advice and support in Rotherham

General advice line: 03444 111 444

Universal credit help to claim: 0800 1448 444

Main reception: 01709 515680

Email: debt.support@citizensadvicerotherham.org.uk

Web chat available

Citizens Advice Rotherham
The Rain Building, Eastwood Lane, Rotherham, S65 1EQ

Citizens Advice Rotherham offers practical up-to-date information and advice that is free, confidential, independent and impartial. Drop into our RAIN Building office and speak to an adviser about your problem Monday to Friday 9:30am–4.30pm

01226 759572
enquiries@cortonwoodcomeback.com

Chapel Avenue, Brampton, S73 0XQ

Registered charity offering a wide range of help and activities to the whole community, including: debt and benefit advice help with employment, job search and training.

  • Drop in sessions
  • Training
  • Advice

Gambling problems can happen to anyone from any walk of life. Your gambling goes from a fun, harmless diversion to an unhealthy obsession with potentially serious consequences. Whether you bet on sport, scratch cards, roulette, poker, or slot machines in a casino, at the track, or online a gambling problem can put a huge strain on your relationships, interfere with work, and lead to financial ruin. You may even do things you never thought you would, like running up huge debts or even steal money to gamble.

01909 773966
info@kpadvice.org.uk

Kiveton Park Independent Advice Centre
Kiveton Park Community Library, Wales Road, Kiveton Park, Sheffield, S26 6RB

A free, impartial, confidential general advice and advocacy service for the people of Kiveton Park and surrounding areas, in conjunction with free legal advice offered by local solicitors. Lots of advice and information on the services’ website; especially around money and debt.

01709 822293
advocacyandappeals@rotherham.gov.uk

The Advocacy & Appeals Service can give free advice and help you to draw up an income and budget  plan, understand your priority payments and  help you repayment offers or find a suitable debt solution.  They can represent you in court on some issues, if your money problems are caused by a loss of benefit they can help you to challenge and appeal the award you have been given.

Help and support is available right now if you need it, for yourself or for a friend, family member or colleague. You do not have to struggle with difficult feelings around debt alone.

National support organisations

0800 138 7777
Typetalk: 18001 0800 915 4622
WhatsApp: add +44 7701 342744 to your Whatsapp and send us a message
Web chat available
enquiries@maps.org.uk

Online free resources for advice and guides to help improve your finances, tools and calculators to help keep track and plan ahead and support over the phone and online. Phone support available Monday to Friday, 8am to 6pm.

0808 808 4000
Web chat available

Independent charity dedicated to providing free debt advice by phone and online to people across the UK. Expert debt advisers who are supportive and trained to a high standard. Committed to providing free, impartial and confidential debt advice.

Phone support available Monday to Friday 9am–8pm, Saturday 9:30am–1pm

0800 138 1111
Web chat available

Monday to Friday 8am–8pm, Saturday 8am–4pm

Provides the UK’s most comprehensive debt advice service. Helping people with debt problems take back control of their finances. Offers services including advice, budget and debt management plans.

0800 280 2816

Monday to Friday 8am–8pm, Sat 9am–3pm

Free debt management service and advice guides on budgeting and alternative debt solutions.

0808 802 2000
Monday to Friday 09:00–17:30

National charity that helps people in financial hardship gain access to welfare benefits, charitable grants and support services.

Clear, practical advice and support for people experiencing issues with mental health and money.

Practical tips on managing your money and improving your mental health.

Advice and information on how to cope with money worries.

Specialising in debt counselling for people in financial difficulty, including those facing bankruptcy or insolvency.

Services include Job Clubs, Fresh Start groups and Life Skills courses.

Support apps

Money Dashboard helps you to stay on top of your money. You can see all your accounts in one place, know how much money you have left until payday and grow your savings. A web app is available as well as smartphone app.

       

Emma helps you in avoiding overdrafts, finding wasteful subscriptions and giving the control you need over your finances. Connect all your accounts in one place, for free.

       

WorryTree helps you record, manage and problem solve your worries and anxiety based on Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) techniques.

       

With Rotherham Health app you can assess your symptoms, book and manage your appointments, view your medical record and test results, manage your medication and much more, 24/7.

       

HealthUnlocked is the world’s largest social network for health. Find and connect with people with a similar health condition. The service has over 700 online communities focused on health and wellbeing topics. With more than 4 million monthly users, there is a community for you.

       SIGN UP ON WEBSITE

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